|Georg D. Ehrnet: Methodus Plantaris Sexualis|
(Systema Naturae, 1736)
Linné classified all living things on earth according to its physical attributes. The idea is to categorize everything hierarchically. A certain species belongs to a special genus, several genera belong to a special family, which is further summarized in orders, classes, subphyla, phyla, kingdoms, and domains. So, e.g., man is of the genus Homo and of the species Sapiens. We belong to the family of Hominidae, which is part of the order Primates, which belong to the class Mammalia, which belong to the subphylum Vertebrae, belonging to the phylum Chordata. Furthermore we belong to the kingdom animalia and the domain eucaria. This is the Taxonomy we use today.
At yovisto, you might start with a rather short but informative video about the merrits of Carl Linné: The Natural History Museum presentes Carl Linnaeus. For a more scientific approach to the works and life of Carl Linné, we also have an entire lecture of the Smithsonian Institute for Natural History on 'Three Hundred Years of Linnaean Taxonomy'.
More to read
- about Carl Linné and Taxonomies: 'Taxonomy - really it's a Battleground' via more semantic...!
- More on Carl Linné, taxonomy in biology, and 'nearly everything' at
Bill Bryson: A Short History of Nearly Everything, Doubleday, 2003.
- Antonie van Leeuwenhoeck - The Father of Microbiology
- Ernst Haeckel and the Phyletic Museum
- Sir Francis Galton - Polymath
- Charles Darwin and Natural Selection