|Valentina Tereshkowa together with Juri Gagarin in Berlin|
(© German Federal Archive)
Tereshkova was born in the village Maslennikovo, Tutayevsky District, in central Russia. Tereshkova's parents came from Belarus. Her father was a tractor driver and her mother worked in a textile plant. After school, she became interested in parachuting, and trained in skydiving at the local Aeroclub, making her first jump in 1959. This was a mandatory qualification to become an astronaut, since the soviet space program for women required the candidates to be parachutists under 30 years of age, under 170 cm (5 feet 7 inches) tall, and under 70 kg (154 lbs.) in weight. In addition, Valentina was considered a particularly worthy candidate, partly due to her "proletarian" background, and because her father, tank leader sergeant Vladimir Tereshkov, also was a war hero.
During her training to become a cosmonaut - the Russian term for 'astronaut' - Valentina completed numerous weightless flights, isolation tests, centrifuge tests, rocket theory, spacecraft engineering, 120 parachute jumps, and pilot training in a MiG-15 jet fighter. Although Tereshkova experienced nausea and physical discomfort for much of the flight, she orbited the earth 48 times and spent three days in space. With a single flight, she logged more flight time than the combined times of all American astronauts, who had flown before that date.
It should take almost 20 years until the US was able to catch up and Sally Ride became the first american woman sent to space on a space shuttle mission in 1983.
At yovisto you might watch some rare video footage of Tereshkowa and her Vostok 6 mission.
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