Sunday, February 16, 2014

The Letters of Giambattista Bodoni

Giambattista Bodoni
(1749 - 1813)
On February 16, 1749, Italian typographer Giambattista Bodoni was born. He also was a type-designer, compositor, printer and publisher. Bodoni designed many type-faces, each one in a large range of type sizes. He is even more admired as a compositor than as a type-designer, as the large range of sizes which he cut enabled him to compose his pages with the greatest possible subtlety of spacing.

In his early working years, Bodoni was apprenticed in the Roman Catholic Church's printing house. He earned a great reputation through working extremely hard and mastering several languages and types, especially ancient languages. Soon, Giambattista Bodoni became a leader of originating pseudoclassical typefaces in Italy, after Baskerville became famous in Britain and Didot in France. The Duke Ferdinando of Bourbon-Parma announced in 1768, that Bodoni should organize a printing house in Parma, which was then called the Royal Printing House.

The books, Bodoni published were incredibly well received and he went on with classical and highly respected works like those of Homer. A few years later, Bodoni had become so successful, that he was allowed to open his own priting house that beared his name, 'Officina Bodoni'. He started teaching his art and skills as well. Under his students were the Amoretti Brothers with whom he became good friends. Unfortunately, a serious disagreement between the brothers and their master established, wherefore they opened their very own typefoundry in Italy and became quite famous themselves.

Bodoni's success and popularity soon surpassed famous French typographers like Pierre Simon Fournier, but as much as his work was admired, his highly styled editions were often considered more apt "to be admired for typeface and layout, not to be studied or read." Bodoni worked hard on his technical refinement throughout the years and was able to reproduce letterforms with very thin hairlines, standing in sharp contrast to the thicker lines constituting the main stems of the characters.

Giambattista Bodoni passed away on 30 November 1813 in Parma.

At yovisto, you may enjoy a short introduction into the history of typography.

References and Further Reading:
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