|A Ski Resort in France designed by Marcel Breuer|
|Marcel breuer |
(1905 - 1981)
Both designers created a completely new style of American housing, which was spread by their great collection of wartime students. The Geller House I of 1945 is one of the first to employ Breuer's concept of the 'binuclear' house. It is characterized by separate wings for the bedrooms and for the living, dining, and cooking area. They are typically separated by an entry hall, and with the distinctive 'butterfly' roof. Breuer's first two important institutional buildings were the UNESCO Headquarters in Paris in 1955. The projects were followed by nearly 100 houses in 30 years and he went through several design phases.
Marcel Breuer passed away in 1981 in New York City. Breuer's buildings were always distinguished by an attention to detail and a clarity of expression. He is widely considered one of the last true functionalist architects and he is believed to have shifted the bias of the Bauhaus from "Arts & Crafts" to "Arts & Technology". Many pieces of modern, tubular steel furniture are still in use today, including the Cesca and Wassily chairs by Breuer himself. They are still in production and their origins can easily be traced back to the Breuer experiments of the mid-20's.
At yovisto, you may be interested in a video lecture on 'Architecture in the Early 20th Century - Modernism' by Kenny Mencher.
References and Further Reading:
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